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সর্বশেষ তথ্য

e„nËi ewikv‡ji HwZnvwmK I cÖZœZvwË¡K wb`k©bmg~‡ni cwiwPwZ

 

[wb‡¤œ  e„nËi ewikv‡ji HwZnvwmK I cÖZœZvwË¡K wb`k©bmg~‡ni cÖv_wgK cwiwPwZiƒ‡c †h eY©bv I wPÎmg~n cÖ`Ë n‡jv Zv cÖvq m¤ú~Y©B †jLK mvBdzj Avnmvb eyjey‡ji Ôe„nËi ewikv‡ji HwZnvwmK wb`k©bÕ kxl©K MÖš’ †_‡K msM„nxZ| †jLK Zuvi MÖ‡š’i GB mKj Z_¨ I wPÎ Avgv‡`i‡K e¨env‡ii AbygwZ †`qvq Avgiv Zuvi cÖwZ K…ZÁZv cÖKvk KiwQ|]

 

ewikvj †Rjv

 

ewikvj m`i

Kovcyi wgqvevwo gmwR`:  e„nËi ewikvj A‡ji weªwUk Avg‡ji m~Pbvj‡Mœ wbwg©Z wewfbœ ¯’vcbvmg~‡ni g‡a¨ Kovcyi wgqvevwoi gmwR` Ab¨Zg| kn‡ii cwðgw`‡K ewikvj- Kovcyi  moK msjMœ wgqvevwo‡Z gmwR`wU Aew¯’Z| GB gmwR‡`i cÖwZôvZv nvqvZ gvngy` Bs‡iR  kvm‡bi weiæ‡× we‡`ªvn Kivi Kvi‡Y wcÖÝ Ad I‡qjm Øx‡c wbe©vwmZ nb Ges Zuvi eyRy©M D‡g`cy‡ii Rwg`vwiI †K‡o †bqv nq| `xN© †lvj eQi ci †`‡k wd‡i wZwb `yÕwU `xwN Ges †`vZjv GB gmwR`wU wbg©vY K‡ib| gmwR`wUi ¯’vcZ¨ixwZ‡Z cyivb XvKvq Aew¯’Z kv‡q¯Ív Lvb wbwg©Z KviZje Lvb gmwR‡`i AbyKiY `„k¨gvb|


 

ewikvj †Rjv Kv‡j±‡iU ev †Rjv g¨vwR‡óª‡Ui `dZi: m‡Zi‡kv mvZvbeŸB mv‡j fvi‡Zi Mfb©i †Rbv‡ij Rb †kvi XvKv †Rjvi `w¶Yv‡j ev‡KiMÄ †Rjv  cÖwZôv  K‡ib| ZLb †Rjvi cÖkvmwbK `ßi eZ©gvb ewikvj kn‡i wQj bv| AvVv‡ivÔk GK mv‡j bjwQwUi ev‰iKib bvgK RvqMv †_‡K wRjvi m`i `dZi ¯’vbvšÍ‡ii wm×všÍ MÖnY Kiv nq| cÖv_wgKfv‡e  g¨vwR‡óªU wgWjUb eZ©gvb ewikvj kn‡ii DËicÖv‡šÍ †gvnbM‡Ä wRjv m`i `dZi ¯’vc‡bi mycvwik Ki‡jI cieZx©‡Z g¨vwR‡óªU DB›Uj I  XvKv †KvU© Ad mviKzBU-Gi mycvwik Ges j I‡qjmwji Aby‡gv`bµ‡g eZ©gvb wefvMxq †Uwj‡dvb `߇ii wfZ‡i GB †QvU fe‡b †Rjv Kv‡jKU‡iU  ¯’vcb Kiv nq| ZrKvjxb mg‡q ewikv‡j emevmiZ BD‡ivwcq mv‡neM‡Yi  AwaKvs‡ki evm¯’vb GB Kvh©vj‡qi Av‡kcv‡kB Aew¯’Z evm Ki‡Zb| cyiv‡bv w`‡bi †mB ¯§„wZ aviY K‡i,  kn‡ii dRjyj nK G¨wfwbDi †Uwj‡dvb I †UwjMÖvd `dZ‡ii  †fZ‡i BD‡ivcxq ¯’vc‡Z¨i aviv AbymiY Kiv ewikvj †Rjv g¨vwR‡óª‡Ui cÖ_g `dZi fe‡bi cwiPq aviY K‡i GwU h‡_ó webxZfv‡e `uvwo‡q i‡q‡Q| eZ©gv‡b Rv`yNi wn‡m‡e ewikv‡ji †h Kv‡jKU‡iU febwU msiÿY Kiv n‡q‡Q †mwU GB fe‡bi A‡bK c‡i wbwg©Z|  

 

 

 

wkKvicy‡ii DMÖZviv gw›`i: wn›`y cyivY Abymv‡i mZx‡`n †_‡K m„ó Z…Zxq kv³cxV myMÜv bv‡g cwiwPZ| myMÜvi Ae¯’vb wb‡q wewfbœ weåvwšÍ i‡q‡Q| HwZnvwm‡Kiv ewikvj kni †_‡K †Zi gvBj Dˇi cÖvPxb evLiM‡Äi †mvÜv b`xi Zx‡i GB myMÜvi mÜvb Abygvb Ki‡Qb| †m †gvZv‡eK myMÜvi †mB kv³cxV I kv³cx‡V wbwg©Z Kvjx gw›`i ewikv‡ji wkKvicyi MÖv‡g Aew¯’Z| eûjfv‡e cwiwPZ wkKvicy‡ii DMÖZvivi gw›`i| gw›`iwU‡Z GKwU ke‡`‡ni Dci `uvov‡bv GK †`exg~wZ© i‡q‡Q| Zvi nv‡Z Av‡Q †LUK, Lo&M, bxjcÙ Ges bigy‡Ði KsKvj| gv_vi Dci Av‡Q KvwZ©K, eªþv, weòz, wke I MYcwZ| AbywgZ nq g~wZ©wU †eŠ×Z‡š¿i DMÖZviv wQ‡jv hv cieZ©x‡Z wn›`yixwZi Zvivq iƒcvšÍwiZ| nv‡Zi bxjcÙ Aek¨ cÖgvY †`q cÖgvY †`q †h Bwb wn›`yixwZi Zviv †`exB n‡eb| gw›`iwU ms¯‹viKv‡j Gi cyi‡bv ¯’vcZ¨ ˆewkó¨ ÿwZMÖ¯Í nq|


jvLywUqvi Rwg`vievwo: ewikvj kni †_‡K mvgvb¨ Dˇi Aew¯’Z i‡q‡Q jvLywUqv Rwg`vievwoi aŸskve‡kl| ivRv ivRP›`ª ivq KZ…©K Dwbk kZ‡Ki ga¨fv‡M jvLywUqvq GB evwowU  wbwg©Z nq| iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii `yB åvZz®úyÎx we‡q n‡qwQj GB cwiev‡i| †m myev‡` iex›`ªbv_ GB evwo‡Z GKvwaKevi AvwZ_¨ MÖnY K‡iwQ‡jb| ZvQvov ZrKvjxb mg‡q  †`eKzgvi iv‡qi †bZ…‡Z¡ e½xq mvwnZ¨ cwil‡`i †h m‡¤§jb ewikv‡j AvnŸvb Kiv n‡qwQ‡jv †mB mvwnZ¨mfvi we‡kl AwZw_ wn‡m‡e iex›`ªbv_ ewikvj Avm‡j †meviI Zuvi c`vc©b N‡UwQ‡jv GB evwo‡Z| evwoi cÖ‡ek c‡_i `w¶‡Y K‡qKwU ¯§„wZ‡mŠ‡ai Aw¯ÍZ¡ Av‡Rv we`¨gvb| Gi `w¶Y cv‡k¦© i‡q‡Q weL¨vZ †eŠivYxi `xwN|


VvKzi KvQvwi: ewikvj kn‡ii ÷xgviNv‡Ui cwðgw`‡K GKwU cyiv‡bv KvQvwii ¯’vcbv Av‡Rv we`¨gvb| †Kó VvKz‡ii KvQvwi bv‡g cwiwPZ GK mg‡qi GB my`„k¨ feb †_‡K cwiPvwjZ n‡Zv cv_ywiqvNvUvi weL¨vZ Rwg`vi KvbvBjvj VvKz‡ii Rwg`vwi| KvbvBjvj VvKzi Z‡à bvwRicyi Rwg`vwii cÖvq mgy`q Ask µq Kivi ci GB KvPvwi ¯’vcb K‡ib e‡j AbywgZ| cv_ywiqvNvUvi VvKzi cwiev‡ii HwZn¨ aviY K‡i †Kó VvKz‡ii fMœcÖvq GB KvQvwi cyiv‡bv w`‡bi ¯§„wZ Av‡Rv enb K‡i Av‡Q|   


 

 

fvwULvbv †Rvo gmwR`: ewikvj kn‡ii DËicÖv‡šÍ fvwULvbvq kni GjvKvi GKgvÎ †Rvo gmwR`wU Aew¯’Z| †Rvo-evsjv ai‡bi wbg©vYixwZ‡Z Lye Kg gmwR`B cwijwÿZ nq| Gi wbg©vYKvj mwVKfv‡e Rvbv hvq bv| cÖwZôvZv ev cÖwZôvZv‡`i bvgI AÁvZ| Z‡e RbkÖæwZ Abymv‡i K‡qKkZ eQi Av‡M †LvqvR gwjøK Ges g`b gwjøK bv‡gi åvZ…Øq KZ…©K GB gmwR` cÖwZwôZ nq| wKse`šÍxg‡Z AZ¨šÍ Mwie †LvqvR gwjøK Ges g`b gwjøK åvZ…Øq ¸ßab cÖvwßi gva¨‡g cÖPzi ab-m¤ú‡`i gvwjK nb| cieZx© mg‡q ¯^cœv‡`k cÖvß n‡q †LvqvR Ges g`b gwjøK GB gmwR` wbg©vY K‡ib| gmwR‡`i eZ©gvb iƒcwU Avw` bq, eis ms¯‹vi-jä| Z‡e ms¯‹viKv‡j Gi ¯’vcZ¨ixwZ‡Z eo †Kv‡bv cwieZ©b Avbv nqwb|

                   

ewikv‡ji e¨vcwU÷ wgkb PvP©: L„÷a‡g©i cÖPviK weL¨vZ †Kwii cvwjZv Kb¨v †R‡bU BD‡ivcxq m¤cÖ`v‡qi evm¯’vbmg~n‡K †K›`ª K‡i me©cÖ_g ewikv‡j GKwU Kv‡Vi wMR©v ˆZwi K‡ib| cÖvPxb †mB wMR©vwU aŸsm nIqvi ci kni ewikv‡j wMR©vi ¯^vfvweK ˆewkó¨ wb‡q AvVv‡ivk EbwÎk mv‡j kn‡ii `w¶Y cÖv‡šÍ wbwg©Z nq e¨vcwUó wgkb wMRv©wU| eZ©gvb wMR©vwU Zvi ms¯‹vijä iƒc|


ewikvj dwKievwoi gmwR`: cjvkx hy‡×i ci ci †ek K‡qKRb Bmjvgag© cÖPviK ewikvj A‡j AvMgb K‡ib| GB ag©cÖPviK‡`i g‡a¨ evM`v` †_‡K AvMZ kvn Kwig eK&m Ab¨Zg| ewikvj kn‡ii ZLbKvi ga¨eZx© ¯’vb eZ©gv‡bi dwKievwo GjvKvq Ae¯’vb K‡i wZwb Bmjvg ag© cÖPv‡i AvZ¥wb‡qvM K‡ib| dwKi bv‡g cwiwPZ weL¨vZ kvn Kwig eK&m GB mg‡q ingZcy‡ii Rwg`vi P›`ªKvšÍ PµeZx©i wbKU †_‡K AvUkZ mvZvbœ GKi wb®‹i m¤úwË jvf K‡ib| GB m¤úwËi e‡j AvVv‡ivk m‡Z‡iv mv‡j kvn Kwig eK&m dwKievwo GjvKvq wZb M¤^yR wewkó GB gmwR`wU ˆZwi K‡ib| Kwig eK&m cÖwZwôZ GB gmwR`wU cieZx©Kv‡j dwKievwo gmwR` Ges ZrmsjMœ moKwU dwKi evwo moK bv‡g cwiwPZ nq| gmwR` cÖv½‡Y cÖwZôvZv kvn Kwig eK&‡mi gvRvi i‡q‡Q|


 

 

ewikvj b_yjøvev‡`i wkegw›`i: ewikvj kn‡ii cwðgcÖv‡šÍ b_yjøvev` mgÏvi evwo‡Z GKwU cÖvPxb wke gw›`‡ii Ae¯’vb i‡q‡Q| RbkÖæwZ Abymv‡i †mwjgvev` ciMbvi Ab¨Zg Rwg`vi g`b‡gvnb evsjv GK nvRvi cuwPk mv‡j †`vjhvÎvi w`‡b wekLvwj b`x‡Z `w¶YPµ bv‡gi weMÖn jvf K‡i| cÖvß †mB weMÖn ewikvj msjMœ b_yjøvev` MÖv‡g ¯’vcb Kiv nq Ges VvKz‡ii †mevi Rb¨ mgÏvi Dcvwaavix R‰bK eªvþY‡K †mevBZ wbhy³ Kiv nq| A`¨vewa †mB cwievi wke gw›`‡ii i¶Yv‡e¶‡bi `vwq‡Z¡ wb‡qvwRZ|       

                  

mvMi`xi jvjKzwV: ewikvj kni¯’ mvMi`xi jvjKzwV n‡jv cZz©wMR Rwg`vi wW wmjfv cwiev‡ii evmfeb hv BD‡ivcxq ¯’vcZ¨ixwZ Abymv‡i wbwg©Z| ewikv‡ji wewfbœ A‡j Rwg`vix jvf Kiv we‡`kx‡`i g‡a¨ wW wmjfv cwievi Ab¨Zg| GB cwiev‡ii Rwg`vwi e„nËi ewikv‡ji `w¶YvÂj evDdj Ges ei¸bvq Aew¯’Z wQ‡jv| wW wmjfv cwiev‡ii †R¨ôcyÎ GB Rwg`vwi cËb K‡ib| ewikv‡j emevm Kiv GB Rwg`vi m¤úwË cwi`k©‡bi D‡Ï‡k¨ Rwg`vwi GjvKvq hvIqvi c‡_ e‡jk¦i b‡` S‡oi Ke‡j cwZZ n‡q m¯¿xK cÖvYZ¨vM K‡ib| cieZx©‡Z cvwievwiK m¤úwË i¶v‡©_ KwjKvZv ïé wefv‡M PvKzwiiZ †QvU fvB Rwg`vwii `vwqZ¡ MÖnY K‡ib| `xN© mg‡q Rwg`vwi †fvM Kivi ci e„×ve¯’vq g„Zz¨i c~‡e© wW wmjfv Zv‡`i m¤úwË ewikvj K¨v_wjK wgkb‡K `vb K‡i hvb|


 

ewikvj gnvgvqv gw›`i: ewikvj kn‡ii A`~‡i BQvKvwV GjvKvq kniZjx Kvwkcy‡ii weL¨vZ gyLvRx© cwievi KZ…©K cÖwZwôZ GB gw›`‡i i‡q‡Q gnvgvqvi g~wZ© | RbkÖæwZ Abymv‡i AvVv‡ivk mv‡ji cÖ_gw`‡K Rwg`vi Kvwkbv_ gyLvR©xi gvwjKvbvaxb K…wlRwg‡Z cÖvß GB cÖvPxb gnvgvqvi g~wZ©wU D‡jøwLZ gw›`‡i ¯’vcb Kiv nq | wewfbœ mg‡q `y®K…wZKvixiv ivR‰bwZK QÎQvqvq gnvgvqvi GB g~wZ©wU‡K m¤ú~Y©fv‡e aŸsm Kivi †Póv K‡i e‡j Rvbv hvq| eZ©gv‡b Kvwkcy‡ii BQvKvwV gw›`‡i ïaygvÎ gnvgvqvi g¯ÍKvsk i¶v cvIqvq †mB AskUzKz msiw¶Z i‡q‡Q | ewikvj kn‡ii DËiw`‡K ewikvj jvLywUqv moK c‡_i c~e©w`‡K eZ©gv‡b ms¯‹viK…Z GB weL¨vZ gw›`iwUi Ae¯’vb |                    

ewikvj eªþmfv: AvVv‡ivk AvUvk mv‡j ivRv ivg‡gvnb ivq KZ…©K wn›`yag© ms¯‹v‡ii D‡Ï‡k¨ G‡Kk¦iev`x eªvþmgvR cÖwZwôZ nq| eªvþmgvRfy³‡`i Dcvmbvjq eªþmfv bv‡g cwiwPZ| AvVv‡ivk GKlwÆ mv‡j ewikvj kn‡ii K‡qKRb m¤£všÍ e¨w³ eªvþgZ MÖnY Ki‡jI wn›`ymgv‡Ri f‡q ÿªþmfv wbg©vY A‡bK wejw¤^Z nq| PÐxPib ivq‡PŠayix m`i †iv‡W ewikv‡ji †K›`ªxq knx` wgbv‡ii cwðg cv‡k¦©  GK weNvi g‡Zv RvqMv eªvþmgvR‡K `vb K‡ib| Avi PÐxPi‡Yi `vbK…Z RvqMvi Dci ˆZwi nq ewikv‡ji GB GKgvÎ eªþmfv| Gi Mv‡q Szwj‡q ivLv mvBb‡ev‡W© Gi cÖwZôvmvj 1846 D‡jøL _vK‡jI GB cÖwZôv mvj GB fe‡bi cÖwZôvmvj bq, eis ewikvj eªvþmgv‡Ri cÖwZôv mvj| wmivRD`&`xb Avn‡g‡`i eY©bvg‡Z GwU 1865 mv‡j cÖwZwôZ nq|


 

 

 

Pi AvBPv †RvogmwR`:  ewikvj kn‡ii c~e©cÖv‡šÍ e‡q hvIqv KxZ©b‡Lvjv b`x msjMœ Pi AvBPv bv‡gi MÖv‡g GKwU †Rvo-gmwR‡`i Ae¯’vb i‡q‡Q| gxiv evwo bv‡g cwiwPZ GB cÖvPxb gmwR` `ywUi wbg©vY ev cÖwZôvKvj m¤ú‡K© †Zgb †Kv‡bv wbf©i‡hvM¨ Z_¨ cvIqv hvq bv| GB GjvKvi Ab¨vb¨ ‡Rvo gmwR‡`i g‡Zv Pi AvBPv †Rvo gmwR‡`i GKwU feb Dcvmbvjq Ges Ab¨wU m¤¢eZt ûRivLvbv wn‡m‡e e¨eüZ n‡Zv e‡j Abygvb Kiv nq| ¯’vbxq‡`i aviYvg‡Z kv‡q¯Ív Lv‡bi kvmbvg‡j Zvi c„ô‡cvlKZvq GB gmwR`Øq cÖwZôv Kiv nq|


ewikvj cvlvYgqx Kvjx gw›`i: ewikvj kn‡ii cÖvY‡K›`ª Kvjxevwo iv¯Ívi gvSvgvwS GB A‡ji GKwU cÖvPxb Kvjx gw›`iwUi Ae¯’vb| AvV‡ivk †Zi mv‡j A_©vr GB A‡j ewikvj †Rjvi m`i `dZi ¯’vwcZ nIqvi gvÎ ev‡iv eQi ci GB gw›`iwU cÖwZôv Kiv nq| kni msjMœ ingZcy‡ii Rwg`vi P›`ª‡kLi ivq †PŠayix GB Kvjx gw›`iwUi cÖwZôvZv| gw›`i ¯’vcb Kivi ci gw›`imn ZrmsjMœ RvqMv GB cÖwZôv‡bi Rb¨ `vb Kiv nq| K‡qKevi ms¯‹vi Kivi Kvi‡Y gw›`iwUi cÖvPxb †mB ¯’vcbvixwZ ÿwZMÖ¯Í n‡q‡Q|


ewikvj beve K¤úvDÛ: ewikv‡ji K‡qKwU ciMbv‡Z XvKvi weL¨vZ beve cwiev‡ii Rwg`vwi _vKv m‡Ë¡I e„nËi ewikv‡j Zviv †Kv‡bv Avevm¯’j ev evmfeb wbg©vY K‡ibwb| Z‡e Rwg`vwi cwiPvjbv Ges cwi`k©‡bi wbwg‡Ë GB cwievi kn‡ii †K›`ª¯’‡j Zuviv GKwU ¯’vcbv wbg©vY K‡ib| beve K¤úvDÛ bv‡g L¨vZ Zv‡`i wekvj AvKv‡ii KvPvwievwowU eZ©gv‡b wmwU K‡j‡Ri g~j feb wn‡m‡e e¨envi Kiv n‡”Q|

 

 

 

ksKi gV: GwU ewikvj kn‡ii cwðgcÖv‡šÍ bZzb evRvi GjvKvq Aew¯’Z| ¯^vgx cÖÁvbvb›` mi¯^Zx bv‡g cwiwPZ e½f½ we‡ivax Av‡›`vj‡bi weL¨vZ †bZv mZxk P›`ª gy‡Lvcva¨vq Kvkx‡Z mbœ¨vm MÖnY Kivi ci †`‡k wd‡i kn‡ii bZyb evRvi GjvKvi cwðgw`‡K GB Avkªg cªwZôv K‡i kªxkªx ksKi gV bvgKiY K‡ib| cÖwZôvjv‡fi ci wbqwgZ c~Rv-AP©bvi mv‡_ mv‡_ e‡›` gvZig g‡š¿ `xw¶Z ¯^vgx cÖÁvbvb›` Ges Zvi AbyivMxe„›` GB Avkª‡gi Avkª‡q weªwUk we‡ivax Kg©Kv‡Ð exiZ¡c~Y© f~wgKv iv‡Lb| Dwbkk GKvËi mv‡j evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy× ïiæ nIqvi cÖv°v‡jI ksKi gV ¯^vaxbZvKvgx wec­ex‡`i AvkÖq¯’v‡bi †MŠie AvR©b K‡i|


 

†PŠayixevwo gmwR`:  KxZ©b‡Lvjv b`xi c~e©cv‡o PivgwÏ GjvKvq ewikv‡ji weL¨vZ Rwg`vi BmgvBj †PŠayixi c~e© cyiæl KZ…©K GwU cÖwZwôZ nq| †PŠayix cwiev‡ii c~e©cyiæ‡liv  GB A‡j Avmvi ci Zv‡`i Aat¯Íb cyiæl Avigvb Avjx Lvb  wmcvnx hy× A_©vr fvi‡Zi cÖ_g ¯^vaxbZv Av‡›`vj‡bi mg‡q wb‡R‡K GKRb f~-¯^vgx wn‡m‡e cÖwZwôZ Ki‡Z m¶g nb| Avigvb Avjx Lvb Ges Zvi cyÎ AvmgZ Avjx Lvb P›`ªØxc ciMbvi wewfbœ GjvKvq K‡qKwU Rwg`vwii µq K‡ib| Rwg`vwi cÖwZôvi c‡i GB cwiev‡ii c‡¶ AvVv‡ivk mv‡ji †k‡li w`‡K GB `„wób›`b gmwR`wU wbgv©Y K‡ib|

                    

†jvb Awdm:  AvVv‡ivk mvZvbœ mv‡j  weªwUkwe‡ivax ¯^vaxbZv Av‡›`vj‡bi cÖPÐZvq fxZ n‡q ewikv‡j emevmiZ Bs‡iRMY kn‡ii †Kv‡bv feb‡KB wbivc` g‡b bv K‡i m`i †iv‡Wi `yMv©‡gvnb iv‡qi gvwjKvbvaxb wØZj evwowU‡Z Avkªq MÖnY K‡i e‡j Rvbv hvq| evwowU‡Z B÷vb© gU©‡MR †Kv¤úvwbi `dZi wQj e‡j GwU †jvb Awdm bv‡g cwiwPZ wQj| B÷vb© gU©‡MR †Kv¤úvwbi AbyMZ cywjk evwnbx Øviv evwoi Pvwiw`‡K cvnvivi gva¨‡g Zviv AvZ¥i¶v Kivi we‡kl e¨e¯’v MÖnb K‡iwQj|

                   

†gvnv¤§` ev‡K‡ii gmwR`:  gmwR`wU ewikvj kn‡ii `w¶YcÖv‡šÍ RvbKx wms †iv‡W Aew¯’Z| GK M¤^yR wewkó GB gmwR`wU R‰bK †gvnv¤§` ev‡Ki m‡Zik wQqvwk mv‡j wbg©vY K‡ib| gmwR` Mv‡Îi wjwc‡Z †jLv Av‡Q- ÔK‡jgv ZvB‡qev, gyn¤§`yi ivmyjyjøvn (mt), Avey eKi, Igi, Imgvb, nvq`vi | 1206 wnRwi | Ñ †gvnv¤§` ev‡KiÕ|

 

†ej Bmjvwgqv QvÎvevm: ZrKvjxb cðvrc` gymjgvb‡`i gv‡S wkÿv we¯Ív‡ii j‡ÿ¨ MÖvgMÄ †_‡K ewikvj kn‡i Avmv gymjgvb wkÿv_©x‡`i _vKvi e¨e¯’v Kivi cÖqv‡m Lvb evnv`yi †ngv‡qZ DÏxb ZrKvjxb †Rjv g¨vwR‡óªU weUmb †ej-Gi mnvqZvq kn‡ii †ngv‡qZ DÏxb Avn‡g` mo‡Ki `w¶Y cv‡k¦© wbgv©Y K‡ib GK wekvjvKvi QvÎvevm| †Rjv g¨vwR‡óªU weUmb †ej-Gi mn‡hvwMZvi Kvi‡b Zvi bvgvbymv‡i †mB QvÎvev‡mi bvgKib Kiv nq †ej Bmjvwgqv QvÎvevm|


nvwjgv gwÄj:  ewikvj wRjvi PivgwÏi Rwg`vi BmgvBj Lvb †PŠayix‡`i ewikvj kni¯’ evwoi bvg| Dwol¨v †_‡K AvMZ GB cwievi PivgwÏ GjvKvq Zv‡`i Rwg`vwi cˇbi ci A‡bK c‡i BmgvBj †PŠayix kn‡ii m`i †ivW GB evwo wbg©vY K‡ib| wZbwU wekvjvKvi M¤^yR, m¤§yLfv‡M my`„k¨ KviæKvh©gq wLjvb Ges †fZiKvi mvRm¾v GB febwU‡K Avjv`v  ˆewk‡ó¨ cªwZwôZ K‡i‡Q| Zcb ivq‡PŠayixi ÔevOvjbvgvÕ †_‡K Rvbv hvq †h, GB evwo GK mgq GZ`‡ji ivRbxwZwe` Ges ms¯‹…wZR‡bi wgjb‡gjvi ¯’vb wQj|

                  

Rv‡g Gev`yjøvn gmwR`: †jvKgy‡L Gev`yjøvn gmwR` bv‡g cwiwPZ| wnRix ev‡ivk evlwÆ A_©vr cÖvq GKkZ mËi eQi Av‡M Dbwesk kZvãx‡Z GB gmwR`wU ZrKvjxb mg‡q PKevRvi GjvKvq bMY¨ msL¨K gymjgvb e¨emvqxi ga¨Kvi R‰bK mvevb e¨emvqx cÖwZôv K‡ib| eZ©gvb mg‡q gmwR` †h ¯’v‡b Aew¯’Z, ejv n‡q _v‡K wVK †mB ¯’v‡b cÖwZôvZvi e¨emv †K›`ª Ges evm¯’vb wQ‡jv| †mB mg‡q PKevRvi GjvKvq gvÎ wZbRb gymjgvb e¨emvqx wQ‡jv| Zviv GK‡Î emevm Ki‡Zv Ges Zv‡`i evm¯’vb msjMœ GjvKvi wbw`©ó  ¯’v‡b bvgvR Av`vq Ki‡Zv| cieZx©‡Z Av‡iv KwZcq gymjgvb Zv‡`i m‡½ bvgvR Av`vq Kivq, bvgv‡Ri ¯’vbwU i¶Yv‡e¶‡Yi `vwqZ¡ Gev`yjøvn bv‡gi GKRb mvevb e¨emvi Kg©Pvix MÖnY K‡i| Zvi bvgvbymv‡i gmwR`wU Gev`yjøvn gmwR` bv‡g cwiwPwZ jvf K‡i|                

 

Lvbg gwÄj: myjZvbvev` bv‡gi ciMbvq GKwU Rwg`vwi wQj ivRvcyi _vbvaxb GK bvix Rwg`v‡ii huvi bvg †g‡niæwbœmv Lvbg| ewikvj kn‡i Zuvi GKwU evwo wQj hvi bvg ÔLvbg gwÄjÕ| Ebwesk kZ‡Ki †klfv‡M Lvbg gwćji GB Rwg`v‡ii `vbkxjZv, we‡`¨vrmvwnZv Ges cÖRv wn‰ZlYvi K_v †ivwnbx Kzgvi †mb Zuvi ÔevKjvÕ MÖ‡š’ D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb| ewikvj kn‡ii m`i nvmcvZvj, kn‡ii we.Gg ¯‹z‡ji cwðg cv‡k¦©i cÖ_g gymwjg †Mvi¯’vb, cieZx© mg‡q ¯’vbvšÍwiZ gymwjg †Mvi¯’v‡bi Avw` Ask Ges e¸ov †ivW¯’ Gwcdvbx Pv‡P©i Rb¨ wZwb Rwg `vb K‡iwQ‡jb e‡j Rvbv hvq| Zuvi GB evwowU kn‡ii nvmcvZvj †iv‡Wi gvSvgvwS Ag„Zjvj †` K‡j‡Ri DËi cv‡k¦© Aew¯’Z| GB evwo †_‡K wZwb Zuvi †g‡q kvgmy‡bœmv‡K we‡q †`b kv‡q¯Ívev‡`i beve cwiev‡ii mšÍvb Ievq`yjøvn †PŠayix Ii‡d bIkxb wgqvi mv‡_|


KvDwiqv cÂiZœ gw›`i: AvVv‡ivk mv‡ji †k‡li w`‡K wnRjvi ¸qvevwo BDwbq‡bi KvDwiqv MÖv‡gi Rwg`vi ei`vKvšÍ wgÎ cÖwZôv K‡ib GB wekvjvK…wZi iZœ gw›`i| DuPz †e`xi Dci we‡kl ¯’vcZ¨ ixwZ‡Z ˆZwi GB cÂiZœ gw›`i ¯’vbxqfv‡e †Rvov gV bv‡g cwiwPZ| gw›`i †_‡K msjMœ `xwN‡Z †b‡g Avmv `xN© †mvcvb †kªbx, KvDwiqv MÖv‡gi GB gw›`i‡K wfbœ gvÎv cÖ`vb K‡i‡Q| GB ¯’vcZ¨ ixwZ‡Z wbwg©Z gw›`i GB A‡j weij|

 

Djvwbqv †PŠayixevwo: †g‡n›`xM‡Äi weL¨vZ Djvwbqv †PŠayix cwievi GZ`‡j mycwiwPZ| Iqv‡n` ivRv †PŠayix, byiæj nK †PŠayix, Avwgbyj nK †PŠayix, Ave`yj Mddvi †PŠayix, Avmv` †PŠayix, AvwZKzj nK †PŠayix QvovI evsjv‡`‡ki A‡bK L¨vZbvgv mvs¯‹…wZK I ivR‰bwZK e¨w³Z¡ GB cwiev‡ii mšÍvb| †PŠayix cwiev‡ii cÖwZôvZv gyn¤§` nvwbd my`~i cvim¨ †_‡K AvMgb K‡i Djvwbqv A‡j emwZ ¯’vcb K‡ib| kv‡q¯Ív Lv‡bi Avg‡j gM I cZz©wMR Rj`my¨ `g‡bi D‡Ï‡k¨ wbwg©Z msMÖvg †Kjøvi wZwb GKRb †mbvbvqK wQ‡jb e‡j Rvbv hvq| Dwbk kZ‡Ki ga¨fv‡M wbwg©Z Djvwbqv †PŠayix cwiev‡ii cÖvmv‡`vcg evmfeb, wmsn †Zvib BZ¨vw` ¯’vcbv  GB cwiev‡ii †MŠiegq AZxZ‡K ¯§ib  Kwi‡q †`q|

 

 

gvaecvkv ivRvevwo: ivRv `byRg`©b cÖwZwôZ P›`ªØxc iv‡R¨i ivRavbx wewfbœ mg‡q wewfbœ Kvi‡Y ¯’vbvšÍwiZ nq| GB KviYmg~‡ni g‡a¨ gM I cZ©ywMR Rj`my¨‡`i DrcvZ Ges cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM Ab¨Zg| ¯’vbvšÍi cÖwµqvi †klch©v‡q P›`ªØx‡ci ivRavbx eZ©gvb ewikvj kni †_‡K cÖvq ev‡iv wK‡jvwgUvi cwð‡g gvaecvkv bv‡gi MÖv‡g cÖwZôv Kiv nq| gvaecvkvi c~e©bvg wQ‡jv kªxbMi| GLv‡bB `byRg`©b †`‡ei eskai GKmg‡qi ev‡iv fyuBqv‡`i Ab¨Zg K›`c© bvivqb GB ivRevwo cÖwZôv K‡ib hv Avgiv eZ©gv‡b gvaecvkv ivRvevwo e‡j Rvwb| eZ©gv‡b GB ivRcwievi KZ©…K wbwg©Z ¯’vcbvmg~n A_©vr emZevwo, gV I gw›`i wejywßi †kl cÖv‡šÍ G‡m `uvwo‡q‡Q| GB `xwNmg~‡ni GKwU‡Z wmuwo msjMœ ¶z`ª bKkv †kvwfZ ¯’vcbv cwi`„ó nq| GB ¯’vcbvwU m¤¢eZ †cvkvK cwieZ©‡bi †nZz e¨envi Kiv n‡Zv| GQvovI gvaecvkvi GB ivRevwoi Ask wn‡m‡e i‡q‡Q ivg gvwbK¨ gyw`i Avevm¯’j, ivRv ivgP‡›`ªi †`ni¶x ivg‡gvnb gv‡ji ¯§„wZ‡mŠa, K¨vZvqbx gw›`i Ges m‡e©vcwi `yM©vmvMi `xwN|

                   

KvZ¨vqbx gw›`i: wKse`šÍxg‡Z P›`ªØxc ivRcwiev‡ii cÖwZôvZv `byRg`©b Zuvi eÜz P›`ª‡kLi fÆvPv‡h©i mnvqZvq K¨vZvqYx †`exi g~wZ© mgy`ªeÿ D×vi K‡ib Ges †`exi Avkxe©v`¯^iƒc P›`ªØx‡ci ivRZ¡ jvf K‡ib| G Kvi‡Y GB ivRcwiev‡i KvZ¨vqbx †`exi cÖwZ we‡kl `ye©jZv I K…ZÁZv i‡q‡Q| ZviB Ask wn‡m‡e cÖwZwôZ n‡qwQj gvaecvkv KvZ¨vqbx gw›`i| gw›`i †_‡K P›`ªØxc ivResk KZ…©K cÖwZwôZ g~wZ©Øq GKmgq nvwi‡q hvq| cieZ©x‡Z cÖkvmwbK ZrciZvq K¨vZvqbx g~wZ© D×vi K‡i  XvKv hv`yN‡i ¯’vbvšÍwiZ Kiv nq|

GB gw›`‡ii mv‡_ m¤úwK©Z wKse`šÍxwU eY©bv‡hvM¨| weµgcy‡ii P›`ª‡kLi fÆvPvh© evj¨Kvj †_‡K †`ex K¨vZvqYxi  DcvmK wQ‡jb| we‡qi Dchy³ nIqvi ci R‰bKv Kb¨v Zvi Rb¨  cQ›` Kiv nq| wbw`©ó mg‡q Kb¨vi wcÎvj‡q Dcw¯’Z nIqvi ci P›`ª‡kLi Zvi ney cZœxi bvg fye‡bk¦ix †R‡b Zv‡K we‡q Ki‡Z A¯^xK…wZ Rvbvq Ges we‡q evmi †_‡K cjvqb K‡i| Aviva¨ †`exi m‡½ ney ¯¿xi bv‡gi wgj Zvi Rb¨ j¾¡vRbK e‡j g‡b nq Ges †m mgy‡`ª AvZ¥vûwZ †`qvi wm×všÍ MÖnY K‡i ¶z`ªvKvi GKwU †bŠKvq Av‡ivnY K‡i| cw_g‡a¨ nVvr R‰bKv ZiæYx Zv‡K AvZ¥nZ¨vi cwiKíbv Z¨vM Ki‡Z ejvq P›`ª‡kLi we®§qvf~Z n‡q c‡o| †Nvi †K‡U hvIqvi ci †m Kb¨vi cwiPq Ges wb‡l‡ai Kvib wR‡Ám K‡i| ZiæYx P›`ª‡kL‡ii Kv‡Q wb‡R‡K GKRb †R‡j Kb¨v wn‡m‡e cwiPq †`q Ges e‡j †h ¯¿x‡jvK gvÎB  K¨vZvqYxi Ask,& AZGe Zvi bv‡g ney ¯¿xi bvg _vKv †`vlYxq †Kv‡bv e¨vcvi bq| GB K_vq P›`ª‡kLi H ZiæYxi cwiPq Rvbvi Rb¨ fxlb iK‡gi D`MÖxe n‡q c‡o Ges Avi †mUv Rvbv n‡j †m AvZ¥nZ¨v Ki‡e e‡j Rvbvq| ZiæYx iƒcavix K¨vZvqbx †`ex ZLb AvZ¥cwiPq w`‡q P›`ª‡kLi‡K AvZ¥nb‡bi c_ †_‡K wbe„Ë  K‡i Ges Zv‡K H Kb¨vi bvg cwieZ©b K‡i we‡q Kivi Dc‡`k †`q| GQvov †`ex Zv‡K AwZ kxNÖ myMÜv b`xi †gvnbvq GKwU wekvj Øx‡ci g‡Zv f~-LÐ DwÌZ nIqvi K_v Ges †mB f~LÐ Zvi bvgvbymv‡i cwiwPZ n‡e e‡j Rvbvq| †`ex Av‡iv e‡j †h, P›`ª‡kLi †hb †mB myMÜv b`x‡Z Wye w`‡q K¨vZvqbx Ges g`b †Mvcv‡ji g~wZ© D‡Ëvjb K‡i Ges †mLv‡b Zvi ivRZ¡ ¯’vcb K‡i| †`exi Av‡`k g‡Zv P›`ª‡kLi Zvi ney cZœxi bvg cwieZ©b K‡i Zv‡K we‡q K‡i Ges wbw`©ó w`b Ges ¯’v‡b Wye w`‡q g~wZ© D×vi K‡i †m Zvi wcÖq m½x `byRg`©bmn µgkt `w¶Y w`‡K AMÖmi n‡q †`ex Kw_Z Øx‡c ivRZ¡ ¯’vcb K‡i|


`yM©v mvMi: m‡Zik mv‡ji †k‡li w`‡K wkebvivqY P›`ªØxc ivRes‡ki cÂ`k ivRv wn‡m‡e ivR¨ cwiPvjbvi `vwqZ¡cÖvß nb| wkebvivq‡Yi AKvj g„Zz¨i ci Zvi †Rô¨cyÎ j¶xbvivqY iv‡R¨i `vwqZ¡  MÖnY K‡ib| ZviI AKvj g„Zz¨ nIqvi ci  ivbx `yM©veZx Zvi Kwbô evjK cy‡Îi c‡¶ ivR¨ cwiPvjbv K‡ib| ivYx cÖRv‡`i Kj¨vYv‡_© e„nr GK Rjvkq Lb‡bi wm×všÍ MÖnY K‡ib Ges †mB Abymv‡i ivRevwoi m¤§yLfv‡M cÖKvÐ GK `xwN Lbb Kiv nq| ivbx `yM©veZxi bvg Abymv‡i †mB Rjvkq `yM©v mvMi bv‡g cwiwPZ Ges e„nËi ewikvj A‡j weL¨vZ|

 

 

Pvu`cvkv gmwR`/ AviwR KvwjKvcyi gmwR`: eveyM‡Äi A`~‡i Pvu`cvkvi AviwR KvwjKvcyi MÖv‡g GKwU †Rvo gmwR` i‡q‡Q| cÖvq aŸsmcÖvß GB gmwR‡`i wbg©vZv wQ‡jb R‰bK †gvbvB gÐj e‡j| AviwR KvwjKvcyi A‡j `iMv evwo gmwR` bv‡g Av‡iv GKwU †Rvo gmwR` i‡q‡Q|


evbvwicvov mZx`vn †ew` I gw›`i: evbvwicvovi †K›`ª¯’‡j †Nvl evwoi gw›`i bv‡g cwiwPZ `yM©v gw›`i msjMœ ¯’v‡b AvVv‡ivk AvUPwjøk mv‡j GKwU mZx`vn msNwUZ n‡qwQ‡jv| bvg bv Rvbv †mB mZx bvixi ¯§i‡Y cieZx©‡Z †mB ¯’v‡b GKwU gw›`i Ges mZx`v‡ni †ew` wbg©vY Kiv nq|


 

 

gv`viKvwVi wke gw›`i, evbvixcvov:  evbvwicvov A‡ji cÖvPxb agx©q ¯’vcbv¸wji g‡a¨ gv`viKvwV MÖv‡gi wke gw›`iwU Ab¨Zg| ewikvj- evbvwicvov mo‡Ki  wkgyjZjv As‡ki `w¶Y cv‡k¦©, gv`viKvwV MÖv‡g GB wke gw›`iwUi Ae¯’vb| GK mg‡qi GLvbKvi cÖfvekvjx fÆPvh© cwiev‡ii cÖavb †hv‡Mk fÆPvh© GB gw›`‡ii cÖwZôvZv e‡j Rvbv hvq|


Øv`k wkegw›`i, †kvjK, DwRicyi: `w¶Y e‡½i cÖvPxb ev½‡ivov bv‡gi AÂjwU A_©vr †MŠib`xi ˆMjv, dzjøkªx, evUv‡Rvo, gvwnjviv Ges †kvjK bv‡gi MÖvg¸wji mgš^‡q MwVZ wQ‡jv e‡j A‡bK HwZnvwm‡Ki gZ| Rwg`vi wn‡m‡e G A‡ji †kvj‡Ki gRy`vi cwievi weL¨vZ| GB cweiv‡ii Avw` cyiæl ivg †mb bev‡ei Aax‡b ˆmwbK wn‡m‡e ewM© `g‡b we‡kl K…wZZ¡ cÖ`k©b K‡i my›`ieb GjvKvq Rwg`vix jvf K‡ib| cieZx© mg‡q Zviv ewikv‡ji eyLvBbMi GjvKvq emwZ ¯’vcb K‡ib| †kvj‡Ki gRy`vi cwiev‡ii Avw` cyiæl ivg †m‡bi cyÎ ivg †Mvwe›` beve‡`i wbKU †_‡K ivRv Dcvwa cÖvß nb Ges gjyqvivR bv‡gi bev‡ei GK Znmxj`v‡ii mnvqZvq †kvj‡K AvMgY K‡ib| †kvj‡K AvMgY Kivi ci ivRv ivg‡Mvwe‡›`i cÖ‡cŠÎ fevbxk¼i GB ¯’v‡b GB Øv`k wkegw›`i wbg©vY K‡ib| D‡jøL Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i evsjv mvwnZ¨ mgv‡jvPbvq RxweZ wKse`šÍx Rni †mbgRyg`vi GB cwiev‡ii Aa¯Íb cyiæl|


 

 

cxi B`ªv‡Ki gvRvi: DwRicy‡ii cxi gvngy` B`ªvK †gvMj ivR‡Z¡i †k‡li w`‡K my‡e`vi kv‡q¯Ív Lv‡bi m½x wn‡m‡e GB A‡j AvMgb K‡ib e‡j Kw_Z Av‡Q| cieZx© mg‡q Bmjvg ag© cÖPv‡i wb‡qvwRZ n‡q wZwb avgyiv‡Z emwZ ¯’vcb K‡ib| avgyiv‡Z GB Bmjvg ag© cÖPvi‡Ki gvRvi i‡q‡Q|


Qwe Lv/ mvwen Lv‡bi ûRivLvbv: evKjv-P›`ªØx‡ci BwZnv‡m mvwen Lvb, weK…Z evbv‡b Qwe Lv GK wewkó PwiÎ| mvwen Lvb‡K cÂ`k kZ‡Ki myjZvb `vD` Lv‡bi mgmvgwqK e‡j  †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv M‡elK avibv K‡i _v‡Kb| Avevi ¯’vbxq BwZnvm iPwqZv‡`i †KD †KD g‡b K‡ib †h, wZwb mgªvU Rvnv½x‡ii Avg‡j GB A‡j AvMgb K‡ib| inm¨gq GB HwZnvwmK e¨vw³Z¡ ˆMjv-dzjøkªx A‡j emevm Ki‡Zb| ewikv‡ji `w¶Yv‡j mvwen Luvb wbwg©Z ARmª Rv½vj ev iv¯Ívi K_v Rvbv hvq| †KvUvjxcvov, †MŠib`x Ges ˆMjv A‡j wZwb †ek K‡qKwU gmwR` wbg©vb Ges `xwN Lbb K‡ib| Kw_Z i‡q‡Q †h, bev‡ii A_©vbyKz‡j¨ mvwen Luvb evKjv A‡j wewfbœ RbwnZKi Kvh© m¤úv`b Kivq, bev‡ei cwie‡Z© Zvi mybvg e„w× †c‡Z _v‡K| GB Ae¯’vq Cl©vRwbZ Kvi‡Y beve mvwen Luvb‡K ew›` Kivi Av‡`k `vb K‡ib| cieZx© mg‡q beve Zvi fyj eyS‡Z cvivq mvwen Lvub mm¤§v‡b gyw³ jvf K‡ib| gyw³jvf Kivi ci wZwb †MŠib`xi evUv‡Rv‡ii mwbœKU esKziv MÖv‡g wZwb Zuvi wbwg©Z GB  ûRivLvbvq Gev`‡Z wb‡R‡K wb‡qvwRZ K‡ib|

 

 

Kmev gmwR`: XvKv-ewikvj gnvmo‡Ki †MŠib`xi A`~‡i, iv¯Ívi cwðg cv‡k¦©i Kmev‡Z weL¨vZ GB gmwR‡`i Ae¯’vb| mvaviYfv‡e GB gmwR`wU Avjøvi gmwR` bv‡g cwiwPZ| aviY Kiv nq cÂ`k kZvãx‡Z GwU gmwR` wbwg©Z n‡q‡Q| †KD †KD  mvwen Lvb‡K Gi cÖwZôvZv wn‡m‡e D‡jøL Ki‡jI Gi †Kv‡bv HwZnvwmK cÖgvY †bB| `„wó b›`b eM©vK…wZi GB gmwR‡`i wZbw`‡K  cÖ‡ekc_ i‡q‡Q | GQvov eµvKvi Kvwb©k Ges wZbwU †gnive Kmev gmwR‡`i Ab¨Zg  ˆewkó¨ | 


 

nhiZ `ya gwjø‡Ki (it)-Gi gvRvi: e„nËi ewikv‡j cÖ_g w`‡K †h mKj ag© cÖPviK Bmjvg cÖPv‡i AvMgb K‡iwQ‡jb nhiZ `ya gwjøK (it) wQ‡jb Zv‡`i Ab¨Zg| Zvi cÖK…Z bvg Rvbv bv †M‡jI wZwb nhiZ gwjøK `ya Kzgvi kvn bv‡g cwiwPZ| Kw_Z Av‡Q †gvMj mgªvU Rvnv½x‡ii kvmbvg‡j B‡q‡g‡bi †Kv‡bv GK  ev`kvni mvZ †Q‡j evsjv A‡j Bmjvg cÖPv‡i AvMgb K‡iwQ‡jb| nhiZ `ya gwjøK wQ‡jb †mB ev`kvni wØZxq cyÎ| ejv n‡q _v‡K wZwb ïaygvÎ Miæi `ya cvb K‡i Rxeb avib Ki‡Zb| Avi GB R‡b¨B wZwb `ya gwjøK bv‡g cwiwPwZ jvf K‡ib| †gvMj kvmbvg‡j ¯’vwcZ GB gvRvi I gmwR`wU ev`kvni we‡kl `„wó AvKl©Y K‡iwQ‡jv e‡j Rvbv hvq| nhiZ `ya Kzgvi gwjø‡Ki (it) gvRvi i¶Yv‡e¶‡bi Rb¨ ZvB mgªvU Rvnv½xi D‡jøL‡hvM¨ cwigvb jv‡LivR Rwg cÖ`vb K‡ib| GB `vbc‡Îi Zvgªwjwc‡Z mgªvÁx byiRvnv‡bi cvÄv Aw¼Z i‡q‡Q| eZ©gv‡b HwZnvwmK †mB `vbcÎ gvRvi i¶Yv‡e¶‡bi `vwqZ¡cÖv߇`i wbKU iw¶Z e‡j Rvbv hvq |

 

Kgjvcyi gmwR`, †MŠib`x:  ewikvj Ges gv`vixcyi †Rjvi cÖvšÍmxgv msjMœ XvKv-ewikvj gnvmo‡Ki c~e©w`‡K Kgjvcyi bv‡gi MÖv‡g cÖvPxb GB gmwR‡`i Ae¯’vb| ¯’vcbvixwZ Ges Ab¨vb¨ Z_¨ we‡k­l‡Y Kgjvcyi gmwR‡`i wbg©vYKvj cÂ`k kZvãxi e‡j g‡b Kiv nq| W. ˆmq` gvngy`yj nvmv‡bi g‡Z gvmyg Lvb Ges mywd Lvb åvZ…Øq GB gmwR‡`i wbg©vZv| wZb M¤^yR wewkó AvqZKvi GB gmwR`wUi wZbwU cÖ‡ekc_B KviæKvh©gq| m¤§yLfv‡Mi Abycg bKkv wbg©vZvi †mŠ›`h©wcÖqZvi K_v ¯§iY Kwi‡q †`q |


bjwPov gvRvi, †MŠib`x: †gvMj mgªvU Rvnv½x‡ii ivRZ¡Kv‡j gxi KzZze kvn evsjvi GB A‡j AvMgb K‡ib Ges gyjv`xi †ZiP‡i cÖ_‡g emwZ ¯’vcb K‡ib| Kw_Z i‡q‡Q †h, ¯^‡cœ wb‡`©k cÖvß n‡q w`jøx †_‡K wZwb `w¶Yv‡ji D`Pov bvgK ¯’v‡b Ae¯’vb K‡i Bmjvg cÖPv‡i AvZ¥wb‡qvM K‡ib| GB mvay cyiæ‡li gvRvi bjwPovq Aew¯’Z|

 

 

gvwnjviv gV, †MŠib`x: e„nËi ewikvj A‡ji wewfbœ HwZnvwmK wb`k©bmg~‡ni g‡a¨ †MŠib`xi A`~‡i gvwnjvivi miKvi gV Ab¨Zg| `„wób›`b GB gVwU R‰bK iƒcivg `vm¸ß KZ…©K cÖwZwôZ| Z‡e GB iƒciv‡gi cwiPq Avgiv ïaygvÎ GUzKzB Rvwb †h wZwb miKvi cwiev‡ii m`m¨ wQ‡jb| †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv M‡el‡Ki g‡Z †gvMj Avg‡j GB A‡ji mg„×kvjx miKvi cwiev‡ii †Kv‡bv m`m¨ wkewj½ cÖwZôvi D‡Ï‡k¨ GB gV wbg©vY K‡i| gvwnjviv gVMv‡Î AjsKib e¨ZxZ †Kvb cÖKvi wjwc cwi`„ó nq bv| cÖvq †`okZ dzU D”PZv m¤úbœ wKwÂr †njv‡bv gVwU m¤¢eZ †gvMj Avg‡ji †klw`‡K wbwg©Z n‡q‡Q|


weRq ¸‡ßi gbmv gw›`i, Av‰MjSvov: Av‰MjSvovi A`~‡i AvjvDÏxb †nv‡mb kvn Ges Kwe  weRq ¸‡ßi ¯§„wZ weRwoZ gbmv gw›`‡ii Ae¯’vb| weRq ¸‡ßi cÖvPxb †mB gw›`i cybtwbwg©Z nIqvi ci gw›`i msjMœ wekvj `xwN e¨ZxZ †Kv‡bv  ¯’vcZ¨ ev cÖvPxb‡Z¡i wb`k©b cvIqv bv| eZ©gv‡b ms¯‹viK…Z gw›`i Mv‡Îi GKw`‡K Kwe cwiwPwZ Ges ZrKvjxb myjZvb AvjvDÏxb †nv‡mb kv‡ni AvbyKz‡j¨i K_v Ges wcZ‡ji ˆZwi gbmv g~wZ© cwi`„ó| GQvovI Kwei wcZv-gvZvi bvg Ges emZevwoi Ae¯’vb wjwLZ i‡q‡Q | Ab¨w`‡K gbmvg½j Kv‡e¨i K‡qKwU csw³I  †Lv`vB Kiv Av‡Q|


 

 

wkecyi gmwR`, evLiMÄ: m‡Z‡iv kZ‡Ki cjvwk hy× cieZ©x mg‡q gxi ZKx bv‡g GKRb mvay cyiæl DËi fviZ †_‡K G‡m evLiMÄ A‡ji wkecy‡i emwZ ¯’vcb K‡i Bmjvg ag© cÖPv‡i AvZ¥wb‡qvM K‡ib| GB mg‡q wZwb Zvi emZ evwo msjMœ ¯’v‡b wZbwU gmwR` wbg©vb K‡ib| gxi ZKx cÖwZwôZ gmwR` wZbwUi `yBwU eZ©gv‡b wejywßi c‡_| ms¯‹viK…Z gmwR`wU Ges Zvi emZevwo H A‡j Bmjvg cÖPv‡ii wb`k©Y š^iƒc `k©bxq ¯’vb wn‡m‡e BwZnv‡mi welqe¯‘‡Z cwiYZ n‡q‡Q|


wkecyi wMR©v, evLiMÄ: cjvkx hy‡×i ci ivRv ivRejøf wek¦vmNvZKZvi cyi¯‹vi wn‡m‡e evLiM‡Äi Rwg`vwi jvf K‡ib| GLvbKvi K…l‡Kiv GB wek¦vmNvZK‡K ivR¯^ cÖ`v‡b A¯^xKvi K‡i| LvRbv Av`v‡qi j‡¶¨  ivRejøf †Mvqv †_‡K KwZcq `y`v©šÍ cÖK…wZi cZz©wMR GLvbKvi ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi D‡Ï‡k¨ Avbqb K‡ib| GB cZz©wM‡Riv ag©cvj‡bi D‡Ï‡k¨ evLiM‡Äi wkecy‡i wMR©v ¯’vcb K‡i| MÄv‡jm bv‡gi R‰bK hvRK KZ…©K evLiM‡Ä ¯’vwcZ GB wLª÷vb agx©q Dcvmbvjq e„nËi ewikv‡ji cÖ_g wMR©v Ges GwU ZLb e„nËi ewikvj A‡j cÖv_wgKfv‡e wLª÷ag© cÖPv‡i GB wMR©vi we‡kl fywgKv wQ‡jv e‡j Rvbv hvq| cieZx©  mg‡q GB wMR©vi ag©hvRK‡`i Kvi‡Y wkecyi MÖvg cv`ªxwkecyi bv‡g cwiwPZ n‡Z ïiæ K‡i|


 

 

bmivZ MvwRi gmwR`, evLiMÄ: evLiM‡Äi A`~‡i wkqvj¸wb MÖv‡g cÂ`k kZ‡Ki GKwU gmwR` i‡q‡Q| RbkÖ“wZ Abymv‡i cÖvPxb GB gmwR`wU R‰bK bmiZ MvwR KZ…©K wbwg©Z n‡qwQ‡jv| evsjvi me©v‡c¶v RbwcÖq ¯^vaxb myjZvb AvjvDÏxb †nv‡mb kv‡ni g„Zz¨i ci Zvi †R¨ôcyÎ bvwmi Lvb, bvwmiDÏxb bmir kvn Dcvwa aviY K‡i evsjvi wmsnvm‡b Dc‡ekb K‡i| n‡Z cv‡i cieZx© mg‡q Zvi †Kv‡bv AbyP‡ii gva¨‡g Zvi bv‡g wkqvj¸wbi GB gmwR` wbwg©Z n‡qwQj|


AvDwjqvcyi `ievi kixd, evLiMÄ: ewikvj-cUzqvLvjx moK msjMœ evLiM‡Äi AvDwjqvcyi  MÖv‡g Bmjvg cÖPv‡ii m~Pbv c‡e©i GKwU wb`k©Y i‡‡q‡Q| ev‡iv AvDwjqvi `iMv bv‡g weL¨vZ GB wb`k©bwU‡K wN‡i GB A‡j wewfbœ wKse`šÍx cÖPwjZ i‡q‡Q| ejv n‡q _v‡K †h, †gvMj mgªvU AvIiO‡R‡ei ivRZ¡Kv‡j gvwQg kvn bv‡gi GKRb cx‡ii Aby‡iv‡a evLiM‡Äi i½kªxi GKwU MÖv‡g ev‡ivRb AvDwjqv mg‡eZ nb| `w¶Y e‡½ GB cxi AvDwjqv‡`i Bmjvg cÖPv‡i AvZ¥wb‡qvM Ges agx©q wewfbœ Kvh©Kjv‡c mgªvU gy» nb| ZviB cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z H ag©cÖPviK‡`i Rb¨ wZwb wewfbœ cÖKvi Dc‡XŠKb †cÖiY K‡ib| wKšÍ RvMwZK †jvfgy³ ag©cÖPviKe„›` mgªvU †cÖwiZ Dc‡XŠKb MÖn‡Y A¯^xK…wZ Rvbvb Ges iv‡Zi AÜKv‡i eZ©gv‡bi `iMv msjMœ myo½ c‡_ A`„k¨ n‡q hvb| mgªvU NUbvmg~n AeMZ nIqvi ci H ¯’v‡b GKwU gmwR`, `iMv Ges `xwN Lbb K‡ib| GQvov wZwb `iMv cwiPvjbvi Rb¨ †ek wKQz jv‡LivR Rwg cÖ`vb K‡i GKRb Lv‡`g wbhy³ K‡ib|

 

†g‡nw›`M‡Äi gmwR`, evLiMÄ: evLiMÄ A‡j  †gvMj Avg‡j wbwg©Z Av‡iv GKwU  gmwR‡`i K_v Rvbv hvq| D‡jøwLZ GB cÖvPxb gmwR`wU evLiMÄ-KvjxMÄ mo‡Ki cv‡k¦© †g‡nw›`MÄ bv‡gi MÖv‡g Aew¯’Z| ms¯‹viK…Z GB cÖvPxb gmwR`Mv‡Îi djK †_‡K Rvbv hvq †h, evsjv GMv‡ivk GKlwÆ ev Bs‡iRx m‡Zik wZàvbœ mv‡j  R‰bK †gvnv¤§` kdx KZ…©K GB gmwR`wU wbwg©Z nq| †g‡nw›`M‡Äi gmwR‡`i wbg©vZv †gvnv¤§` kdxi †Kv‡bv cwiPq cvIqv hvq bv| GLv‡b D‡jøL‡hvM¨ †h Djvwbqv Rwg`vi evwo‡Z m`„k ¯’vcZ¨ ˆewk‡ó¨i Av‡iKKwU gmwR` i‡q‡Q|

 

 

KjmKvwV Rwg`vi evwo, evLiMÄ: †gvMj mgªvU AvIi½‡R‡ei bvg Abymv‡i beve kv‡q¯Ív Luvb P›`ªØxc-evKjvi GKwU ciMbvi bvgKib K‡ib| GB ciMbvi Rwg`vi wn‡m‡e RvbKx ejø‡fi bvg GB A‡j weL¨vZ| cvwievwiK ؇›Øi Kvi‡Y Rwg`vi ivq‡Mvcvj †PŠayixi †R¨ô cyÎ ivg †Mvwe›` Zvi Kwbô åvZv RvbKx ejøf‡K ˆcwÎK m¤úwË †_‡K ewÂZ Kivi AccÖqvm MÖnY K‡i| cieZx© mg‡q m¤úwË nviv‡bv RvbKx ejøf XvKvi R‰bK GZgv` Luv‡bi mvnP‡h© Av‡mb Ges Zvi mnvqZvq beve kv‡q¯Ív Luv‡bi AbyMÖ‡n, mgªvU AvIi½‡R‡ei cvÄvhy³ mb` cÖvß n‡q m‡Zik mv‡ji cÖ_g w`‡K ˆcwÎK Rwg`vix‡Z wbR AwaKvi cÖwZôvq mg_© nb| RvbKx ejøf cÖ_gve¯’vq ˆcwÎK emZ-evwo‡Z Ae¯’vb Ki‡jI cieZx© mg‡q KjmKvwV MÖv‡g evm¯’vb wbg©vb K‡ib Ges †mLv‡b ¯’vbvšÍwiZ nb| KjmKvwV‡Z AvMg‡bi ci wZwb GB A‡j wewfbœ BgviZmn †ek K‡qKwU gw›`i Ges weMÖn cÖwZôv K‡ib| GB mKj weMÖ‡ni g‡a¨ bxjgvae bv‡gi weMÖn D‡jøL‡hvM¨| GB weMÖn RvbKx ejø‡fi cwiev‡i Kzj‡`eZv wn‡m‡e c~wRZ nIqvi K_v Rvbv hvq| GB cwiev‡ii Ab¨Zg m`m¨ ei`vKvšÍ KjmKvwV‡Z M‡Yk c~Rv Dcj‡¶ †gjvi Av‡qvRb K‡ib e‡j Rvbv hvq| cieZx© mg‡q GB cwiev‡ii wewfbœ m`m¨ KjmKvwV A‡ji wewfbœ GjvKvq wb‡R‡`i AwaKvi cÖwZôv Ges wewfbœ ¯’vcbv ˆZwi K‡ib, hvi D‡jøL‡hvM¨ Ask GLb ch©šÍ GB GjvKvq HwZnvwmK wb`k©b wn‡m‡e weivRgvb|

evNvB kv‡ni `iMv, evLiMÄ: evLiM‡Äi `yM©vcvkv A‡ji †Mvwe›`cyi MÖv‡g evNvB kvn bv‡gi GKRb Bmjvg ag© cÖPvi‡Ki `iMvi Ae¯’vb i‡q‡Q| Bmjvg cÖPv‡ii Avw` hy‡M B‡q‡gb †_‡K evNvB kvn bv‡gi GB ag© cÖPvi‡Ki AvMgY N‡UwQ‡jv e‡j †kvbv hvq| Zvi cÖK…Z bvg Rvbv hvqwb| evNvB kvn‡K wb‡q †ek wKQz A‡jŠwKK KvwnYx cÖPwjZ i‡q‡Q| cÖvPxb GK eUe„‡¶i bx‡P wZwb Zvi Av¯Ívbv ¯’vcb K‡iwQ‡jb e‡j ¯’vbxq wek¦vm| ejv n‡q _v‡K †h, ev‡Ni wc‡V P‡o wZwb GB A‡j AvMgY K‡ib Ges Bmjvg cÖPv‡i wb‡R‡K wb‡qvwRZ K‡ib| ev‡Ni wc‡V AvMgb K‡iwQ‡jb e‡j wZwb cieZx© mg‡q evNvB kvn bv‡g L¨vZ nb|

 

cUzqvLvwj †Rjv

 

cUzqvLvwj m`i

wek¦vm evwo gmwR`, cUzqvLvwj m`i: ewikvj cUzqvLvjx mo‡Ki cUzqvLvjx wegvbe›`i msjMœ iv¯Ívi †ek K‡qK wK‡jvwgUvi cwð‡g KvwQwPiv MÖv‡g  cÖvPxb GKwU gmwR` Ges ZrmsjMœ GKwU agx©q LvbKvi Ae¯’vb i‡q‡Q| HwZnvwmK ¸iæZ¡ e¨wZ‡i‡KI ¯’vcwZ¨K ˆewk‡ó¨i Kvi‡b GB ¯’vcbvØq e„nËi ewikv‡ji cÖvPxb wb`k©bmg~‡ni g‡a¨ we‡kl ¯’vb AwaKvi K‡i Av‡Q| cÖwZôvZv ev cÖwZôvZv‡`i bvg cwiPq ev wbg©vbKvj mwVKfv‡e wbwY©Z bv n‡jI GB A‡ji cÖvPxb Ab¨vb¨ `yÔGKwU gmwR‡`i m‡½ GK M¤^yRwewkó GB gmwR`wUi ¯’vcwZ¨K mv`„k¨ _vKvi Kvi‡Y KvwQwPiv gmwR‡`i wbg©vYKvj Aóv`k kZ‡Ki †k‡li w`‡Ki e‡j Abygvb Kiv nq| LvbKvwUi PZz©cv‡k¦©  `iRv i‡q‡Q| GB AvqZvKvi K‡¶i ga¨eZx© ¯’v‡b Avi GKwU eM©vK…wZi `iRv wewkó K¶ cwi`„ó nq| GB K¶wU m¤¢eZt ûRivLvbv wn‡m‡e e¨eüZ n‡Zv| avibv Kiv nq ûRivLvbvi PZz©cv‡k¦©i Ask A_©vr eviv›`v ev `k©bv_x©‡`i Rb¨ e¨eüZ n‡Zv|

 

wgqv evwo gmwR` I ¯§„wZ‡mŠa, cUzqvLvwj m`i: cUzqvLvwji kªxivgcy‡ii wgqv cwiev‡ii Avw` cyiæl wkevb›` gRyg`vi  wQ‡jb beve gywk©`Kzwj Lv‡bi LvRvÂx| cieZx© mg‡q wZwb Bmjvg ag© MÖnY K‡ib| ag©všÍwiZ nIqvi ci wkevb›` gRyg`vi wkeb Luv Ges Zvi cyÎ Kv‡j Lv bvg avib K‡ib| bev‡ei AbyMÖ‡n wkeb Lvb Rwg`vix jvf K‡i kªxivgcy‡i emwZ ¯’vcb K‡ib| Zvi cyÎ Kv‡j Luv‡bi bvgvbymv‡i cUzqvLvwji KvwjKvcy‡ii bvgKib Kiv nq e‡j Kw_Z Av‡Q| kªxivgcy‡i wgqv evwo‡Z GB cwievi KZ©„K wbwg©Z wewfbœ ¯’vcbv A_©vr gmwR`, emZevwo, cyj BZ¨vw` AZxZ w`‡bi mv¶x n‡q weivRgvb| wgqv evwoi GB gmwR‡`i mwbœKU ZrKvjxb mg‡q wbwg©Z GKwU †mZzMv‡Îi wkjvwjwc †_‡K GB ¯’vcbvmg~‡ni wbgv©YKvj m¤ú‡K© GKwU m~Î Rvbv hvq| GB wkjvwjwc‡Z m‡Zik AvUvbeŸB K_v D‡jøL i‡q‡Q| GB m~Î †_‡K AbywgZ nq †h, GBGQvov wgqv cwiev‡ii ˆZwi Kiv gmwR` msjMœ Kv‡j Luv I Zvi ¯¿x Ry‡jLv wewei gvRvi `w¶Yv‡ji cÖvPxb ¯’vcZ¨mg~‡ni g‡a¨ Avjv`v ˆewk‡ó¨ mgy¾¡j| †Rvo evsjv ¯’vcZ¨ ixwZ‡Z wbwg©Z †`vZjv GB ¯§„wZ †mŠa e„nËi ewikvj A‡ji gymwjg ¯’vc‡Z¨ GKwU e¨wZµgx© ¯’vcbv| `w¶Y evsjv †Zv e‡UB GgbwK evsjv‡`‡ki Ab¨ÎI GB cÖKv‡ii gw›`i m`„k¨ gymwjg ¯§„wZ‡mŠa cwi`„ó nq bv|


 

jvDKvwV gw›`i, cUzqvLvwj m`i: eZ©gv‡bi cUzqvLvjx †Rjv kn‡ii cÖvY‡K›`ª cyivb evRvi GjvKvq KjmKvwVi Rwg`vi cwievi cÖwZwôZ Av‡iv GKwU cÖvPxb gw›`‡ii K_v Rvbv hvq| jvDKvwVi GB gw›`i ¯’vcb m¤ú‡K© ejv n‡q _v‡K †h, jvDKvwV‡Z me©cÖ_g Avev` ïiæ nIqvKvjxb mg‡q GKwU kvjMÖvg DwÌZ nq| KjmKvwVi Rwg`vi RvbKx ejøf GB kvjMÖvg Pµ jvDKvwV‡Z cÖwZôv K‡i cyRvi e¨eš’v K‡ib| m¤ú~Y© byZb Avw½‡K ms¯‹vi Kivi ci eZ©gvb cUzqvLvjxi †K›`ª¯’‡j Aew¯’Z GB gw›`iwU cÖvPxbZ¡ nvwi‡q †d‡j‡Q|

 

AbšÍcvovi †eŠ× gw›`i, †Lcycvov: m‡Zik cuPvwk mv‡ji w`‡K cÖwZ‡ekx iv‡óªi ewg© ivRv‡`i ivR‰bwZK cÖwZwnsmvi wkKvi nIqv GK wekvj msL¨K fvM¨vnZ ivLvBb cwievi AvivKvb †_‡K wb‡R‡`i Aw¯ÍZ¡ i¶vi wbwg‡Ë evsjv‡`‡k Avkªq MÖnY K‡i| Zv‡`iB GK Ask e„nËi ewikv‡ji DcK~jxq AÂj A_©vr MjvwPcv, †Lcycvov BZ¨vw` A‡j emwZ ¯’vcb K‡i| ¯’vqxfv‡e emwZ ¯’vc‡bi cieZx© ch©v‡q cUzqvLvjx †Rjvi `w¶YcÖv‡šÍ mvMi msjMœ †Lcycvov A‡ji AbšÍcvovq gªv Pv †PŠayix bv‡gi R‰bK abvX¨ e¨w³ Avcb m¤cÖ`v‡qi Rb¨ me©cÖ_g c¨v‡MvWv ev †R`x ev †eŠ× gw›`i wbg©vY K‡ib| ZrKvjxb mg‡q GB A‡ji †eŠ× ag©vej¤^x ivLvBb m¤cÖ`v‡qi g‡a¨ AbšÍcvovi †R`x ev c¨v‡MvWvi e¨vcK cwiwPwZ wQ‡jv | eZ©gvb mg‡q †`‡ki Ab¨Zg ch©Ub †K›`ª KzqvKvUv †_‡K K‡qK wK‡jvwgUvi c~‡e© AbšÍcvovq HwZnvwmK GB c¨v‡MvWv ev †R`xwUi Ae¯’vb|

 

wgwkª cvov †eŠ× gw›`i, †Lcycvov: e„nËi ewikv‡ji weL¨vZ mgy`ª ˆmKZ KzqvKvUv msjMœ Avwjcyi evRv‡ii K‡qK wK‡jvwgUvi c~‡e© wgwkª cvov bvgK MÖv‡g GKwU HwZn¨evnx †eŠ× gw›`i i‡q‡Q| ¯’vbxq †eŠ× m¤cÖ`vqfy³ wgwkª gvZei bv‡gi R‰bK abevb I ag©cÖvb e¨w³i  Avw_©K mnvqZvq D †Lgv mªv‡Wv bvgK R‰bK ewnivMZ ag©¸iæi †bZ…‡Z¡ GB ¯’vcbvwU cÖwZwôZ nq| mvavwm‡a ai‡bi gw›`‡ii m¤§yLfv‡M `yBwU wmsn g~wZ©  ¯’vcb GB gw›`iwU‡K GB A‡ji Ab¨vb¨  †eŠ× gw›`i †_‡K wfbœ ai‡bi we‡klZ¡ cÖ`vb K‡i‡Q| GQvov GB gw›`‡i ¯’vwcZ ey× g~wZ©wU AvK…wZi w`K †_‡K GB A‡ji Ab¨vb¨ g~wZ©mg~‡ni g‡a¨ e„nr e‡j Rvbv hvq| †m wn‡m‡eI GB gw›`‡ii Avjv`v ai‡bi g~j¨ i‡q‡Q|     

 

  

myZvevwoqvi `qvgqxi gw›`i, MjvwPcv: ewikv‡ji DwRicyi A‡ji †kvjK MÖv‡gi gRyg`vi cwiev‡ii ivg‡Mvwe›` beve‡`i wbKU †_‡K ivRv Dcvwa jvf Kivi ci MjvwPcvi wPKwbKvw›` GjvKvq Zv‡`i Rwg`vix cÖwZôv K‡ib| Rwg`vix cÖwZôv Kivi ci ivRv ivg‡Mvwe‡›`i cyÎ ivRvivg †mb myZvevwoqv‡Z GKwU gw›`i I wkevjq ˆZwi K‡i wke g~wZ© cÖwZôv K‡ib| `qvgqxi gw›`i bv‡g cwiwPZ Ges L¨vZ gw›`iwU wn›`y m¤cÖ`v‡qi Ab¨Zg agx©q Dcvmbvjq wn‡m‡e wPwýZ| GB ¯’v‡b gnvmgv‡iv‡n bxjPÐx Ges †`vj Drme cvwjZ n‡q _v‡K| GQvov gvNx c~wY©gvq gw›`i cÖv½‡Y cÖwZ eQi †gjv Av‡qvRb Kiv n‡q _v‡K|

 

gmwR`evwoi gmwR`, wgR©vMÄ: cÂ`k kZ‡Ki gvSvgvwS mgqKv‡j R‰bK IqvwRj Lvb KZ©„K GB gmwR` wbwg©Z nq| weªwUk kvmbvg‡j AvVv‡ivk lvU mv‡j my›`ieb GjvKv Avev`Kv‡j gvwUi wb‡P Pvcv cov Ae¯’v †_‡K  GB gmwR`wU D×vi Kiv nq| gmwR`wUi cÖwZôvZvi bvg Rvbv †M‡jI Zvi cwiPq m¤ú‡K©  wbf©i‡hvM¨ †Zgb wKQz Rvbv hvq bv| gmwR` Mv‡Î cwiPqwjwci cwie‡Z© †jLv i‡q‡Q †h, imyjyjøvn (mt) e‡j‡Qb, †h †Kn gmwR` wbg©vY Ki‡e Avjøvn Zvi Rb¨ mËiwU cÖvmv` wbg©vY Ki‡eb| GQvovI wjwLZ i‡q‡Q, ÔGB gmwR` iv‡R¨i myjZvb, ag© I iv‡óªi kw³kvjx ¯Í¤¢, myjZvb gvngy` kv‡ni cyÎ Aveyj gyRvddi evievK kv‡ni ivRZ¡Kv‡j IqvwRj Lv‡bi Øviv 870 wnRix m‡b (1465 Bs) wbwg©ZÕ (GBP. †efvwiR)| Avevi †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv BwZnvmwe` GBiƒc aviYvI K‡i _v‡Kb †h, GB gmwR` m¤¢eZ †MŠ‡oi myjZv‡bi Aaxb¯Í IqvwRj Lvb bv‡gi †Kv‡bv Kg©Pvwi KZ…©K wbwg©Z n‡qwQ‡jv| GB avibvi mc‡¶ D‡jøL Kiv nq †h, wmsnvm‡b Av‡ivnb Kivi ci myjZvb evieK kvn Zvi iv‡R¨i wewfbœ ¯’v‡b †PŠÏwU gmwR` Ges GKwU dUK wbg©vb K‡ib e‡j wewfbœ wkjvwjwc‡Z D‡jøL Kiv n‡q‡Q | GB gmwR`mg~‡ni g‡a¨ wgRv©M‡Äi gmwR` Ab¨Zg (ˆmq` gvngy`yj nvmvb, evsjv‡`‡ki gmwR`, 35)| ¯’vcbvixwZ we‡k­lb K‡i we‡klÁiv wgRv©M‡Äi GB HwZnvwmK gmwR‡`i m‡½ ZyNjK Avg‡ji ¯’vc‡Z¨i mv`„k¨ D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb|


nhiZ mvB`yj Av‡iwdb (i.)-Gi gmwR`, evDdj: nhiZ mvB‡q`yj Av‡idxb (it) wVK †Kvb mg‡q GB A‡j AvMgb K‡ib Zv wbwðZfv‡e Rvbv hvq bv| Z‡e avibv Kiv nq †h, wek¦L¨vZ ˆZgyi js-Gi Gwkqv Awfhv‡bi †k‡li w`‡K A_©vr †Z‡ivk AvUvbeŸB mv‡j my`~i cvim¨ †_‡K wZwb evsjv‡`k A‡j AvMgb K‡i Bmjvg cÖPv‡i AvZ¥wb‡qvM K‡ib| GB A‡j Zvi AvMgb Ges cÖPvi‡K›`ª ¯’vcb m¤ú‡K©  RbkÖ“wZ i‡q‡Q †h, GK`v wZwb b`x ZxieZx©  c‡_ hvIqvi mg‡q Pvj †avqvq e¨¯Í R‰bKv ZiæYxi Kv‡Q Bkvivq LvIqvi K_v ej‡Z †m w¶ß n‡q Zvw”Qj¨ cÖKvk K‡i| cieZx©‡Z ZiæYx AevK we¯§‡q j¶¨ K‡i †h, nVvr K‡i Zvi Pvj dzU‡Z ïiæ Ki‡Q| Ae¯’v †`‡L fxZ-mš¿¯’ ZiæYx PxrKvi K‡i Zvi evwoi †jvKRb‡`i R‡ov K‡i| Zviv A‡jŠwKK †mB NUbv †`‡L ¯Íw¤¢Z n‡q c‡o Ges nhiZ mvB‡q`yj Av‡idx‡bi (it)-Gi cwiPq †c‡q Zvi Kv‡Q †_‡K Bmjvg MÖnY K‡i| Kvwj bv‡gi ïwi es‡kv™¢~Z †mB ZiæYxi bvgvbymv‡i cieZx© mg‡q †mB ¯’v‡bi bvg Kvwjïwi bv‡g cwiwPZ n‡Z ïiæ K‡i| nhiZ mvB‡q`yj Av‡idxb Kvwjmywi‡Z GKwU gmwR` cÖwZôv K‡ib| Zvi m¤§v‡b †mB gmwR‡`i bvgKiY Kiv nq nhiZ mvB‡q`yj Av‡idxb gmwR`| Kvwjmywi MÖv‡g nqiZ mvB‡q`yj Av‡idxb (it)-Gi ag© cÖPvi‡K †K›`ª K‡i GKKv‡j GB A‡j GKwU weL¨vZ †gjv AbywôZ n‡Zv e‡j Rvbv hvq|

 

 

Kgjv ivbxi `xwN, evDdj:  ivRv `byRg`©b P›`ªØxc ivR¨ cÖwZôv Kivi  c‡i evDd‡ji KPzqv‡Z Zvi ivRavbx cÖwZôv K‡i|  P›`ªØxc ivR cwiev‡ii cÂg cyiæl cyÎnxb ivRv Rq‡`‡ei †R¨ôvKb¨v ivbx Kgjv  cÖRv‡`i cvbxq cvwbi Rb¨ GKwU `xwN Lbb K‡i| Gi bvg nq Kgjv ivYxi `xwN| Kgjv ivbxi `xwNwU‡K †K›`ª K‡i GB A‡j wewfbœ Kvwnbx cÖPwjZ| e„nËi ewikv‡ji †jvKm½xZ Ges †jvKKvwnbx‡ZI Kgjv ivbx Avi Zvi `xwN wb‡q wewfbœ iPbv cwijw¶Z| Gme KvwnYx‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q †h, `xwN Lbb Kivi ivbx Kgjv GKw`‡b c`eª‡R hZUzKz RvqMv Ny‡i Avm‡Z cv‡ib Z‡ZvUv RvqMv  Ry‡o `xwN Lbb Kivi K_v fvev nq| wba©vwiZ w`‡b c~Rv †k‡l ivbx Kgjv AK¬všÍfv‡e †n‡U Pjvq ivRv ejf`ª I Zvi cvwil‡`iv `xwNi AvqZb wb‡q wPwšÍZ n‡q c‡ob| ivbx c_Pjv †iva Kivi Rb¨  Zvi cv‡q KeyZ‡ii i³ wQwU‡q w`‡j ivbx cÖvmv‡` wd‡i Av‡mb| `xN© †mB c_ Pjv †k‡l †`Lv hvh †h, ivbx †gvU GKkZ GKi RvqMv cwiågY K‡i‡Qb| GjvKvi nvRvi nvRvi †jv‡Ki AskMÖn‡Y cieZx©‡Z `xwN Lb‡bi KvR m¤úbœ n‡jI Zv‡Z †Kv‡bv cvwb bv IVvq ivR cwiev‡ii mK‡jB e¨vKzj n‡q c‡o| GKw`b iv‡Z ivbx Kgjv ¯^‡cœ `xwNi ga¨¯’v‡b M½v †`ex‡K c~Rv †`Iqvi Rb¨ Avw`ó nq Ges †mB Abymv‡i ciw`b wZwb Zvi mLxe„›` mgwfe¨vnv‡i `xwN‡Z †b‡g c~Rvi Av‡qvRb K‡i| c~Rv †k‡l nVvr K‡i m`¨ Lbb Kiv `xwNi Pviw`K †_‡K cvwb DV‡Z ïiæ K‡i| Zvi m½x mv_xiv Zx‡i DV‡Z cvi‡jI ivbx `xwN †_‡K DV‡Z m¶g nbwb| Av‡¯Í Av‡¯Í Zvi †`n `xwNi Mfx‡i Wy‡e †h‡Z _v‡K| †kl gyn~‡Z© ivbx Zvi wkïcy·K ¯Íb¨ cvb Kiv‡bvi Rb¨ †ivR †fv‡i `xwNi Nv‡U †i‡L hvIqvi Rb¨ ivRv‡K Aby‡iva K‡i hvb| ivbxi K_vg‡Zv Zvici †_‡K †ivR †fv‡i wkï cigvb›`‡K Nv‡U †i‡L Avmv n‡Zv| ivbxi cÖwZ cÖMvp Abyiv‡Mi Kvi‡Y GKw`b ivRv ivbxi Kv‡Q G‡m Zv‡K ¯úk© Ki‡ZB †m Suvc w`‡q `xwNi AZ‡j Zwj‡q hvq Ges †mBmv‡_ `xwNi GK cvk¦© †f‡O b`xi mv‡_ hy³ n‡q hvq| Gici †_‡K ivbx Kgjvi `xwN‡Z ARmª cÙdzj dzU‡Z _v‡K| ¯’vbxq‡`i wek¦vm Gfv‡eB ivbx Zvi Lbb Kiv `xwNi gv‡S cÙdzj n‡q wPiw`‡bi Rb¨ †eu‡P Av‡Q|

 

gywÝ Avwgiæjøvi gmwR`, `kwgbv: `kwgbvi enivgcy‡i gywÝ Avwgiæjøvn cÖwZwôZ gmwR`wU cÖwZôvZvi bv‡g A_©vr gywÝ Avwgiæjøvni gmwR` bv‡g cwiwPZ| gywÝ Avwgiæjøvni c~e©cyiæl ˆmq` Avey Avwj dwi`cyi AÂj †_‡K PvLvi AvMgb K‡ib| cieZx© mg‡q ZvjyK jv‡fi ci GB cwievi `kwgbvi enigcy‡i Zv‡`i emwZ ¯’vcb K‡ib| Dbwesk kZvwã‡Z gywÝ Avwgiæjøvn wbwg©Z GB gmwR‡`i wbg©vbixwZ‡Z GB A‡ji cÖvPxb ¯’vcbvmg~‡ni Ab¨Zg kªxivgcyi gmwR‡`i h‡_ó mv`„k¨ cwijw¶Z| mgqKvj Ges mvgvwRK Ae¯’vi cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z gywÝ Avwgiæjøvni gmwR`wU‡K e„nËi ewikv‡ji `w¶Yv‡j gymjgvb‡`i cÖwZwôZ agx©q ¯’vcbv¸wji Ab¨Zg wn‡m‡e we‡ePbv Kiv nq |

 

ei¸bv †Rjv

 

PvIovi gvwUi `yM©, AvgZjx: †gvMj hy‡Mi †kl w`‡K evKjv-P›`ªØxc A‡ji GK Awfkv‡ci bvg cZ’y©wMR-gM jyÉb| GB jy‡Uiv m¤cÖ`v‡qi evisev‡ii fqven Avµg‡Y GK mg‡q evsjvi wbgœvÂj A_©vr evKjv-P›`ªØx‡ci `w¶Y GjvKvq Rbk~b¨ weivb fywg‡Z cwiYZ nq| GB mgqKv‡j evKjv-P›`ªØxc Z_v evsjvi wewfbœ A‡j †gvMj kvmK‡`i D‡`¨v‡M cZz©wMR I gM Rj`my¨‡`i AvµgY cÖwZnZ Kivi D‡Ï‡k¨ we‡kl cÖwZ‡iva e¨e¯’v M‡o †Zvjv nq| Avi †mB cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z P›`ªØxc evKjvi wewfbœ ¯’v‡b Mo, †Kjøv Ges `yM© wbg©vb K‡i `y`©gbxq Rj`my¨‡`i AvµgY cªwZnZ Ges cvëv AvµgY K‡i Zv‡`i civwRZ Kivi †Póv Kiv nq| AvgZjxi PvIov BDwbq‡bi gvwUi `yM©wUI GKB D‡Ï‡k¨ wbwg©Z n‡qwQj| AvgZjx msjMœ  †Lcycvovq wejxb n‡q hvIqv GKwU cZz©wMR `yM©  _vKvi K_vI Rvbv hvq Ges †mB Kvi‡Y AvgZjx GjvKvq cZz©wMR Rj`my¨‡`i `g‡bi Kvi‡b GKwU A¯’vqx `yM© cÖwZôv Kiv AZ¨šÍ hyw³hy³ e‡j cÖZxqgvb| Z‡e wVK †Kvb mg‡q  †K ev Kviv GB gvwUi `yM©wU ˆZwi K‡iwQ‡jv Zv Rvbv hvqwb| Z‡e evsjvi wbgœv‡j gM I cZz©wMR‡`i `gb Kivi e¨vcv‡i hvi Ae`vb me  †_‡K AwaK e‡j g‡b Kiv nq, †mB kv‡q¯Ív Lvb Ges Zvi cyÎ eyRyM© D‡g` Lvb ev Zvi mgqKv‡ji Ab¨ †Kv‡bv †gvMj AgvZ¨ GB `yM©wU ˆZwi K‡iwQ‡jb e‡j avibv Kiv Ag~jK bq| eyRyM© D‡g`cyi ciMbv m„wóI †mB w`‡KB Bw½Z cÖ`vb K‡i _v‡K| evsjv‡`‡ki `w¶Yv‡j GB cÖKvi †ek K‡qKwU `y‡M©i Aw¯ÍZ¡ cwijw¶Z| GB cÖm‡½ gM I cZz©wMR Rj`my¨‡`i `gbv‡_© SvjKvwV wRjvi ivRvcy‡ii B›`ªcvkv gvwUi `y‡M©i K_vI D‡jøL Kiv hvq|

 

evwjqvZjxi c¨v‡MvWv, AvgZjx, ei¸bv: Aóv`k kZ‡Ki †k‡li w`‡K ivR‰bwZK Kvi‡Y A_©vr ewg©‡`i m‡½ hy‡× civRq eiY Kivi ci cÖvY i¶v‡_© AvivKvb A‡ji ivLvBb m¤cÖ`v‡qi GK wekvj Ask evsjv‡`‡k Avkªq MÖnY K‡i| Zv‡`iB Ask we‡kl, ewikv‡ji DcKzjxq A‡j emwZ ¯’vcb K‡i| m‡Zik cuPvwk mv‡j civwRZ ivLvBb‡`i KwZcq †mbva¨¶ Zv‡`i †ek wKQz AbyMvgxmn ei¸bv †Rjvi mvMi msjMœ evwjqvZwj A‡j AvMgb K‡i Ges emwZ ¯’vcb K‡i| AvivKvb †_‡K AvMZ GB m¤cÖ`vq Zv‡`i mvs¯‹…wZK DËivwaKvi Ges HwZn¨ wn‡m‡e GB A‡j GKwU c¨v‡MvWv ev †eŠ× agx©q Dcvmbvjq cÖwZôv K‡i| eZ©gv‡b cÖvq aŸsmcÖvß evwjqvZwji ivLvBb m¤cÖ`vq cÖwZwôZ cÖvPxb †mB †eŠ× agx©q DcvmbvjqwU GB A‡ji HwZnvwmK wb`k©Ymg~‡ni g‡a¨ m¤ú~Y© Avjv`v ˆewk‡ó¨ wPwýZ |

 

 

 

wQ`vg †PŠayixi emZevwo, cv_iNvUv:  e„wUk kvmbvg‡j cv_iNvUvi Rwg`vi Av‡jd †PŠaywii wcZv AvZvDwÏb Ges PvPv gvnZve DwÏb Bs‡iR‡`i gvwjKvbvaxb jeY †Kv¤úvbxi mvgvb¨ Kg©Pvwi wQ‡jb e‡j Rvbv hvq| cieZx© mg‡q Zviv Bs‡iR cÖkvmb †_‡K cv_iNvUvi Ávbcvov bv‡gi ZvjyK e‡›`ve¯Í wn‡m‡e MÖnY K‡i| GB cwiev‡ii cyÎ Av‡jd †PŠaywi GB GjvKvq wQ`vg †PŠaywi bv‡g L¨vwZgvb wQ‡jb| e„nËi ewikv‡ji K…lK we‡`ªv‡ni Ab¨Zg †bZv wn‡m‡eI wQ`vg †PŠaywii wfbœ cwiPq †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv M‡elK D‡j­L K‡i‡Qb|SvjKvwV evmÐv A‡ji †mb cwievi cv_iNvUvi Kvj‡gNv AÂj GK`j K…lK Øviv Avev` Kivq| cieZx© mg‡q †mb cwievi H mKj K…lK‡`i `Ljx ¯^Z¡ cÖ`vb bv Kivq, w&e¶y×  K…l‡Kiv we‡`ªvn K‡i wQ`vg †PŠayixi mvnvh¨ Ges Avkªq MÖnY K‡i|  `ytmvnmx wQ`vg †PŠayixi RxweZ Ae¯’vq †mb cwiev‡ii c‡¶ we‡`ªvn `g‡b †Zgb †Kv‡bv fywgKv MÖnY Kiv m¤¢e bv n‡jI Zvi g„Zz¨i ci Zviv e¨vcKfv‡e cÖRv wbcxob ïiæ K‡i| Zvic‡iI K…l‡Kiv LvRbv w`‡Z A¯^xKvi Kivq, Bs‡iR miKvi Kvj‡gNv ZvjyK Lvm gn‡ji Aax‡b Avbqb K‡i| wQ`vg †PŠayixi cwievi K…lK‡`i c‡¶ `uvov‡bv GK HwZnvwmK PwiÎ| AZ¨vPvixi weiæ‡× cÖwZev`x PwiÎ wn‡m‡e wQ`vg †PŠayix P›`ªØxc evKjv A‡j eû †jvKvwnbxi bvqK iƒ‡c wPwÎZ n‡q‡Qb| Zuvi evwowU ZvB HwZnvwmKfv‡e ¸iæZ¡c~Y©|

 

wewewPwb gmwR`, †eZvMx: †eZvMxi wbqvgwZ MÖv‡g GKwU HwZnvwmK gmwR` i‡q‡Q| e„nËi ewikvj A‡j †gvMj Avg‡j Bmjvg ag© cÖPviK‡`i Ab¨Zg Ges wbqvgwZ MÖv‡gi cÖwZôvZv weL¨vZ Bmjvg ag© cÖPviK kvn wbqvg‡Zi †evb wewe wPwb GB gmwR‡`i cÖwZôv K‡ib e‡j Kw_Z| A‡b‡Ki aviYv Abymv‡i †gvMj Avg‡ji †klw`‡K A_©vr gM I cZy©MxR Rj`my¨‡`i `g‡bi D‡Ï‡k¨ kvn myRv †h mgqKv‡j SvjKvVxmn GB A‡ji wewfbœ GjvKvq `yM© ¯’vcb K‡ib, ZLb weL¨vZ Bmjvg ag© cÖPviK kvn wbqvg‡Zi Aby‡iv‡a wZwb GKwU gmwR` wbg©vb K‡ib, hv Kvjµ‡g wbqvgZ kv‡ni †evb wewe wPwbi bvgvbymv‡i L¨vZ nq| GQvov gmwR` msjMœ MÖvg kvn wbqvg‡Zi bvgvbymv‡i wbqvgwZ bv‡g cwiwPZ n‡Z _v‡K | K…wÎg gvwUi DuPz wXwei Dc‡i wbwg©Z GB gmwR`wUi wbg©vYixwZ ch©‡e¶‡Y ¯’vcbvwU‡K  †gvMj Avg‡j ˆZwi e‡jB g‡b Kiv nq|  kvnx gmwR` bvgKiY Kiv wewewPwbi GB gmwR`wU †gvMj ev`kvn‡`i AvbyKz‡j¨ ˆZwi nIqvi cÖwZ Bw½Z cÖ`vb K‡i _v‡K| wewewPwb gmwR‡`i cv‡k¦© wZbwU Kei cwijw¶Z nq| ¯’vbxq‡`i aviYv Abymv‡i, kvn wbqvgZ Ges Zvi fwMYxØq GB Ke‡i mgvwnZ| `w¶Yv‡j Bmjvg cÖPv‡i D‡jøL‡hvM¨ fywgKv ivLvi Kvi‡Y wewewPwb kvnx gmwR` BwZnv‡m we‡kl ¯’vb AwaKvi K‡i Av‡Q|

 

KvDwbqv Rwg`vi evwo, ei¸bv: ei¸bv wRjvi HwZn¨evnx Rwg`vi‡`i g‡a¨ †eZvMxi Lvb cwievi Ab¨Zg| KvDwbqvi GB Rwg`vixi cÖwZôvZv  wn‡m‡e Avwe Ave`yjøvn Luvb-Gi bvg D‡jøL Kiv n‡q _v‡K| Avwe Ave`yjøvn Luv‡bi c~e© cyiæl KzZze Luvb myRvev` †_‡K KvDwbqvq AvMgb K‡ib e‡j Rvbv hvq| aviYv Kiv nq †h, KzZze Luvb kvnRv`v myRvi †Kvb NwbôRb wKsev Zvi ˆmb¨evwnbxi m`m¨ wn‡m‡e e„nËi ewikvj A‡j AvMgb K‡iwQ‡jb | cieZx© mg‡q wZwb eyRyM© D‡g`cyi Zvjy‡Ki  gvwjKvbv jvf K‡ib| AvbygvwbK cÖvq wZbkZ eQi Av‡M ¯’vwcZ, eZ©gv‡bi ei¸bv - †eZvMx moK msjMœ Luvb evwoi wewfbœ ¯’vcbv A_©vr gmwR`, KvPvwi BZ¨vw` ei¸bv A‡ji HwZnvwmK wb`©kb wn‡m‡e weL¨vZ n‡q Av‡Q |


 

 

†`ex wms‡ni `yM©v gw›`i, ei¸bv: eiMybv †Rjvi cÖvPxb agx©q Ges HwZnvwmK ¯’vcbv¸wji g‡a¨ †`ex wms‡ni gw›`i wbtm‡›`‡n D‡jøL‡hvM¨|  †eZvwM- ei¸bv moK msjMœ †MŠixPbœvi mwbœK‡U cÖvPxb GB ¯’vcbvwUi Ae¯’vb| š’vbxqfv‡e †`ex wms‡ni `yM©v gw›`i bv‡g cwiwPZ n‡jI ¯’vcbvwUi cÖwZôvZv ev †`ex wms‡ni cwiPq GB A‡j ARvbv| GQvov GB gw›`i e¨ZxZ †`ex wmsn cÖwZwôZ ev Zvi bv‡gi Ab¨ †Kv‡bv š’vcbv GB A‡j cwi`„ó bq| `yM©v gw›`‡ii wbg©vb‰kjx ch©‡e¶‡Y ¯’vcbv m‡Zik mv‡ji e‡j g‡b Kiv nq| gw›`‡ii cÖwZôvi mgqKvj m¤ú‡K© ¯’vbxq‡`iI AwfgZ †mB cÖKvi| Gi cÖwZôvi mv‡_ e„wUk kvmbvg‡j †Kv¤úvYxi AbyMª‡n B`ªvKcyi A‡j †`Iqvbx cÖvß †`ex wms‡ni m¤ú„³Zvi ¶xY m¤¢vebvi K_v we‡ePbv Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| n‡Z cv‡i Zvi AbyMZ †Kv‡bv AbyPi GB GjvKvi ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi `vwq‡Z¡ wb‡qvwRZ wQ‡jv Ges AbyMZ †mB AbyPi KZ©„K †`ex wms‡ni bv‡g GB ¯’v‡b gw›`i ¯’vcb K‡iwQ‡jv|


†PŠayix evwo gmwR`, evgbv: Dbwesk kZ‡K ev‡KiM‡Äi gvngy` kwd †PŠayix, gZvšÍ‡i mwdRDwÏb †PŠayix bjwQwV GjvKvq emevmiZ Pxbv‡`i mnvqZvq je‡bi e¨emv Kivi wm×všÍ MÖnY K‡ib| GB D‡Ï‡k¨ bjwQwUi DËi cÖv‡šÍi †PPix bv‡gi MÖv‡g  GKwU †QvU je‡bi KviLvbv ¯’vcb K‡ib| cieZx© mg‡q mwdRDwÏ †PŠayix evgbv-ivgbv Zvjy‡Ki e‡›`ve¯Í MÖnY K‡i †PPix †_‡K cÖvq mv‡o Pvi wK‡jvwgUvi `w¶‡Y wbR¯^ emZevwo wbg©vY K‡ib|  mwdRDwÏb †PŠayixi bvgvbymv‡i  GB GjvKv mwdcyi bv‡g cwiwPZ n‡Z ïiæ K‡i| mwdcyi GjvKvq Rwg`vi cwiev‡ii wewfbœ ¯’vcbv A`¨vewa cwi`„ó nq| GB mKj ¯’vcbvmg~‡ni g‡a¨ AvVv‡ivk ev‡iv gZvšÍ‡i AvVv‡ivk †PŠÏ mv‡j cÖwZwôZ GB GjvKvi Rv‡g gmwR`wU Ab¨Zg|